Due to previous / bad experience we do not have any refund nor exchange policy in existence.

 www.abbas.one   07932022289   UK,  Manchester, Oldham & Rochdale 

NOT IN YEARS BUT LEARN READING QURAN WITHIN DAYS INCLUDED TAJWEED GUARANTEED ABILITY PERMANENT RESULTS

In the words of Prophet Muhammad “Those who learn to read the Quran and teach it to others is the best among men”. Now you can finally master the art of reading the Holy Quran within just a month’s time thanks to the Quranic lessons of Molana Hafiz QM Abbas. Tajweed can be defined as the art of reading the Quran correctly. The lessons of Molana Hafiz would cover all the important areas of Tajweed so that within one month you will be able to read the Holy Book without the help of any instructor. Just 5 to 10 lessons are sure to produce guaranteed results. The best part about these lessons is that you can get them even on WhatsApp or Skype. All you need to do is call us at 07932022289 or visit

www.abbas.one  

Based in Manchester United Kingdom we have been helping thousands of Muslim families from all around the globe to teach their children to read the Quran properly since 2005. Our fast paced courses would ensure that your child gets to learn the Quran within the shortest possible span of time. Our trained and qualified teachers would enable the students to learn the Quran perfectly and remember it for years to come. We currently have over a 100 online tutors who are imparting effective Quran lessons to thousands of students from all over the world. We guarantee that your child will quickly gain interest and read the Holy Book confidently with Tajweed. As the next step they would be taught to learn the daily prayers, Tilawat, Suraas and even to translate the Holy Quran.

The best way of learning the Quran with Tajweed is under the guidance of a qualified teacher who would help you with the pronunciations. Our course has been specially designed to make the learners familiar with the Tajweed rules. Our easy Tajweed learning system would give you an easy and enlightening learning experience which would also allow you to learn immediately without adding too much stress on your busy schedule. Since our medium of instruction is English the students wouldn’t have the slightest problem in grasping the instructions. We make sure to teach in small groups of students so that all the learners get individual care and attention. We would be teaching you with Tajweed O Qarat in HADAR Tiwalat of speed.  All our teachers are experts in Tajweed O Qarat, Hifzul Quran, Arabic and Urdu, Islamic studies as well as English language. Moreover their employment references, character certificates as well as criminal records have been properly checked by us. So there is no reason why you should think twice about enrolling yourself or your children with us. As a responsible organization we have a core set of principles and we make it a point to condemn all talks of racism, hatred or discrimination. Each lesson is going to be of 2 hours duration and our charge for each lesson on low cost fee. 

Home Quran Tutors available locally in Manchester, Rochdale, Oldham and Bury. 

Tuitions Lessons Quran tutors Quran classes Islamic lessons local teachers available

Learn easily H. Quran reading fast online in UK or Worldwide. 

10 Days' course, learn the easy method of reading the H. Quran. 

40 Days' course, Read the complete Holy Quran with Tajweed.

20 Days' course of memorizing Kalmay and Nimaz prays prayer and verses.

10 Days course of Tajweed Tilawat & Qarat (the knowledge and application of pronunciation and the rules of recitation so the reading of the Qur'an).

10 Days' course of Basic Islamic studies. 

Maximum one or two hours of a lesson's duration. 

Fee is affordable.....     For fee information please ring us on 07932022289

Small group classes. 

Proven track record. Terms and conditions apply.

Free trial available. 
Contact 24/7 Ustad Qari. M. Abbas (Presenter of Crescent Radio Rochdale UK) on 07932022289


Learn Quran reading easily local and online, easy Quran reading, online easy Quran education, practical easy Islamic education.  We teach in English. We teach with comparable Tajweed skills. Daily flexible classes. ​

24/7...​Contact Ustad Qari. Abbas 07932022289


We have DBS checked qualified teachers in Rochdale and UK or worldwide daily.

Read The Holy Quran without any teacher or help...


Proven... ​Within 20 lessons' course...


Age 8 to 20 normal students, learn how to read The Holy Quran without anyone's help. 

Afterwards you can read Quran Kareem from any page without any preparation. In 20 lessons we teach method, ability and complete skill of reading Holy Quran. 

Wow...


Our students - after this course read Holy Quran anytime anywhere accurately happily. They read in family with time and place's Flexibility. And afterwards students never need to attend any class or online anyone's lesson.  

We teach from basic sounds to the END... stop signs and their effects included Tajweed rules Tilawat skill all the long and short words, words with Shadd and Madd... 

How easy ? 

This much easy, that 80% watch and 20% read and it has been learnt the method. 



So basically '' Watch and Learn method....







We are confident by our results so simply buy our course. Our courses are with the mentioned lesson times so buy which one suit you.... 

 

Practical - Possible.....

We believe in to teach practically more than theory and explanations students get fed up from lectures get confused by remembering what are all the books or qawaiid explain in spoken or video lessons. We kept it practically possible students understand by our practices on the actual script of The Holy Quran.

 

We are pioneer in;

Teachers read - Student learns - And...

We are even pioneer in teachers shown student learns............ 

Its amazing indeed we show you how we teach and how we practically read with very 1% theory. Students know and learn our practical - easy method. 

We are pioneer in;

Results of success students learn within maximum 10 lessons how to read Holy Quran from any page without anyone at all.....


After this skill student can read on self own to increase ability of reading by our foundation course and results. 


How To Read Quran Without Teachers 20 Days Course

The Quran word means “the recitation”; it contains the teachings of Muslim God i.e. “Allah”. The knowledge that you will gain on reading the Holy Quran will help you in facing any adverse situation of your life. It also acts as a key for having satisfaction and peace. If you will read Holy Quran with great concentration then happiness will come into your life and stay forever. This book has 30 parts and 114 surahs.

 Ways of learning Quran:-

 
You can learn the Quran in many ways:-

Visiting Mosques is the first way to learn Quran.

Mosques are the foremost and most important place where you will be able to learn Quran under the guidance of expert and knowledgeable teachers. Various classes are organized here which allows you to study and learn the teachings of this holy book in an efficient manner.

 
You can also take tuitions from a private teacher

To learn any course effectively we cannot set aside the importance of a teacher who agrees to give his valuable time for teaching us. He will come to your home especially to teach allowing you to learn from the comfort of your home.

 
The last and most effective way is learning Quran over the internet.

Internet has opened the world of possibilities and removed the jargon of time and place. It allows you to study any book, material, course online. You can learn anything while sitting at home only. Moreover, the cost of transportation will also be eliminated thus saving your money.

 How learning Quran online without teachers is beneficial for you?

If you learn Quran online then your time will be saved as you are not required to go anywhere.

You can also choose timings of your own choice so you can read it anytime whenever you are free.

 
You can read it anywhere whether you are travelling, having a break in college/office or any place whenever you wish to utilize your free time.

So if you are interested in learning the Quran over the internet on your own ???


H. Qari M.Abbas, founder of the and a pioneer of the teaching methods. He has experience of over 20 years of teaching the holy Quran. You can easily understand the lessons provided by him but by chance if you face any difficulty and need any help then you can contact him without any hesitation. With his teaching till now 100s students are benefited and this number is growing with every passing day. He is absolutely approachable and feels happy to clarify any doubts you may have. He will make sure that you learn the Quran in a very short time. The duration of course will be 10 flexible days. It is applicable for students having age more than 8 years. The fee of one lesson course is £5. You can contact him either by calling on phone number or mailing him on his email id given on the website.



NOT IN YEARS BUT LEARN READING QURAN WITHIN DAYS INCLUDED TAJWEED GUARANTEED ABILITY PERMANENT RESULTS

In the words of Prophet Muhammad “Those who learn to read the Quran and teach it to others is the best among men”. Now you can finally master the art of reading the Holy Quran within just a month’s time thanks to the Quranic lessons of Molana Hafiz QM Abbas. Tajweed can be defined as the art of reading the Quran correctly. The lessons of Molana Hafiz would cover all the important areas of Tajweed so that within 10 lessons you will be able to read the Holy Book  without the help of any instructor. Just in 10 lessons are sure to produce proven results. The best part about these lessons is that you can get them even on WhatsApp or Skype.

Based in United Kingdom we have been helping  thousands of Muslim families from all around the globe to teach their children to read the Quran properly since 2001-5. Our fast paced courses would ensure that your child gets to learn the Quran within the shortest possible span of time. Our trained and qualified teachers would enable the students to learn the Quran perfectly and remember  its skill it for years to come. We currently have over a online tutors who are imparting effective Quran lessons to thousands of students from all over the world. We guarantee that your child will quickly gain interest and read the Holy Book confidently with Tajweed.  (As the next course they would be taught to learn the daily prayers, Tilawat, Suraas and even to translate the Holy Quran.)

The best way of learning the Quran with Tajweed is under the guidance of a qualified teacher who would help you with the pronunciations. Our course has been specially designed to make the learners familiar with the Tajweed rules. Our easy Tajweed practical learning system would give you an easy and enlightening  learning experience which would also allow you to learn immediately without adding too much stress on your busy schedule. Since our medium of instruction is English the students wouldn’t have the slightest problem in grasping the instructions. We make sure to teach in small groups of students so that all the learners get individual care and attention. We would be teaching you with Tajweed O Qarat in HADAR Tiwalat of speed.  All our teachers are experts in Tajweed O Qarat, Hifzul Quran, Arabic and Urdu, Islamic studies as well as English language. Moreover their employment references, character certificates as well as criminal records have been properly checked by us. So there is no reason why you should think twice about enrolling yourself or your children with us. As a responsible organization we have a core set of principles and we make it a point to condemn all talks of racism, hatred or discrimination. Each lesson is going to be of 1 hour duration and our charge for each lesson.


TAJWEED

Tajweed when related to the Holy Quran, means recitation of the Holy Quran in the way the prophet Muhammad (PBUH) recited the Quran. Tajweed in general means ‘to make it fine”. As the Holy prophet was the only person who produced the rightist pronunciation of the Almighty’s words in the Holy Quran. It is therefore imperative to learn Tajweed to apply the same to read the Holy Quran for getting exact pronunciation and meanings of the Quran words.

The word Tajweed linguistically means 'proficiency' or 'doing something well'. It comes from the same root letters as the word 'Jayyid' in Arabic (meaning 'good'): Jeem, Waw and Daal. When applied to the Quran, it means giving every letter of the Quran its rights and dues of characteristics when we recite the Quran and observing rules that apply to those letters in different situations. We give letters their rights by observing essential characteristics of each letter that never leave it. And we give them their dues by observing the characteristics of each letter that are present in them some of the time and not present at other times.

The Quran was revealed with Tajweed rules applied to it. In other words, when the angel Jibreel (alaihis salaam) recited the words of Allah to the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) he recited them in a certain way and he showed the Prophet (pbuh) the ways in which it was permissible to recite the Quran. So it is upon us to observe those rules so that we recite it in the way it was revealed. 

At the time of the Prophet (pbuh) there was no need for people to study Tajweed because they talked with what is now known as Tajweed so it was natural for them. When the Arabs started mixing with the non-Arabs as Islam spread, mistakes in Quran recitation started appearing, so the scholars had to record the rules. Now, because the everyday Arabic that Arabs speak has changed so much from the Classical Arabic with which the Quran was revealed, even Arabs have to study Tajweed.

The purpose of Tajweed

The Quran is the word of Allah, and its every syllable is from Allah. Its recitation must be taken very seriously. The purpose of the Science of Tajweed in essence is to make the reciter proficient in reciting the Quran, observing the correct pronunciation of every letter with the rulings and characteristics which apply to each letter, without any exaggeration or deficiency. And so through this the reciter can recite the Quran upon the way of the Prophet (pbuh) who received it from Jibreel who received it from Allah (subhanahu wa ta'aala) in the Classical Arabic dialect that it came down in.

Arabic letters each have a Makhraj - an exit or articulation point - in the mouth or throat from which they originate and they also each have Sifaat - attributes, or characteristics - particular to them. Knowing the Makhraj and Sifaat of each letter is an important part of Tajweed. Sometimes two letters have very similar exits which makes mixing them up easy. So if a person does not know the attributes of each letter there is a danger that he will change the meaning of the words in Quran recitation. Observing the rules of Tajweed in reciting protects the reciter from making mistakes in reciting the Quran.

Why Learning Tajweed is Necessary

Learning Tajweed is necessary because the glorious Islam expanded in just a few decades of its inception to most part of the world. The people belonged to different regions in the world and so did their languages. Even alphabets of the languages were different. The Holy Quran is for the entire world and uptil the Day of Judgment. With the spread of Islam, Arab and Non-Arab were mixed together but they had much difference in their languages and accents. Even most of the Arabs can not read the Holy Quran with Tajweed. At that time it was feared that in the absence of Tajweed, if the original spoken words of the prophets are not preserved, it might lead to distortion of pronunciation in the days to come. It was therefore necessary that Tajweed rules should be scientifically outlined on uniform basis for Arabs and Non-Arabs for preserving the same wording, sounds, accent, pronunciation and meanings. It is necessary both for Arabs and Non Arabs to learn Tajweed and apply the Tajweed Rules while reading Holy Quran


PRINCIPLES OF TAJWEED

One who wishes to learn a science needs to know its principles so that he will gain insight into the sought science.  There are several principles in the science of tajweed that should be understood:

1. ITS DEFINITION

By linguistic definition: Betterment

Applied definition: Articulating every letter from its articulation point and giving the letter its rights and dues of characteristics. Rights of the letters are its required characteristics that never leave it.  The dues of the letters are its presented characteristics that are present in it some of the time, and not present at other times.  i.e. the medd, idgham

2. ITS FORMATION

The words of the Glorious Qur'an and some said Honorable Hadiths also.

3. ITS FRUITS

It is preserving the tongue from mistakes in pronunciation of the Glorious Qur'an during reading.

4. ITS PRECEDENCE

It is one of the most honored of sciences and one of the best of them due to its relation to Allah’s words.

5. ITS PLACE WITHIN THE SCIENCES

It is one of the Islamic Law sciences that are related to the Glorious Qur'an.

6. ITS FOUNDER

The rule setter from the practical point of view is the Messenger of Allah(pbuh) because the Qur'an was revealed to him from Allah, the most High, with tajweed, and he, was instructed on it from the Trustworthy, Jibreel, peace be upon him, and taught it to his companions, who then taught it to their followers and so on until it came to us by these chains.  The rule setters from the scientific point of view are the scholars of Qur'anic sciences, such as Abu 'Ubaid Al-Qasim bin Sallaam.

7. ITS PRECEPT

Knowledge of tajweed is fardh kifayaah, meaning some of the Muslim community must know it, and its application is fardh ‘ain, required by all Muslims (men and women) who have the complete Qur'an or part of it memorized, even if only one surah.

8.  REASONS FOR ITS RULES

Guarding the Glorious Qur'an and preserving it from distortion.  The Arabs mixed with non-Arabs after the spread of Islam, and the Muslims feared that the Arab tongue would become corrupted with this intermixing.  It then became mandatory for rules to be put down that would preserve the recitation of the Qur'an from mistakes, and guarantee the reader of the Qur'an integrity of pronunciation.

9.  ITS PRINCIPLES

The knowledge of tajweed is contingent on four matters:

Knowledge of the articulation points of the letters
Knowledge of the characteristics of the letters 
Knowledge of what rules change in the letters due to the order of letters
Exercising the tongue and a lot of repetition.


​COMMON TAJWEED ERRORS

The two most common tajweed mistakes made by non-Arabs are the timings of the vowels, and medd letters, and in the articulation points of the letters.  The first type of mistake has been addressed in the first of what will be, insha’ Allah many tidbits; please see the tidbit lesson link.  The second type of mistake, that in the letters themselves, is a major problem that needs to be addressed by all non-Arabs, whether they are Westerners, Europeans, Africans, from the Indo Pakistani subcontinent, or from Eastern Asia.  At the outset, the letters that occur in Arabic that are not common in other languages would be what one would imagine to be a problem, but in fact, there are letters in Arabic that are similar to other languages, but do not share the same articulation points with their counterparts. 

The letters that occur in Arabic, that are not common in other languages are:

ض  ص  غ  ع  خ  ح  ط  ظ

The articulation points of all the Arabic letters will be described later, insha’Allah in a future tidbit lesson.

Letters that have similar sounds in other languages, but in fact have different articulation points are:

د  ت  ف  ك  ر  ل

The first two  (starting from the right), use the tip of the tongue from the top side and what lies opposite from the tip of the tongue from the gum line of the two top front incisors.  Many different languages have similar letters, as in English there is “d” and “t”, but they articulate these letters at a posterior position in the mouth from what the Arabs use as an articulation point.  The result is an incorrect pronunciation of these letters when reading Qur’an.

The ra’ and lam are two letters that non-Arabs have some difficulty in pronouncing correctly.  The ra’ uses the tip of the tongue and the top of the tip and the gums of the two top incisors, but the trick to the ra’ is actually hitting the gum.  Many Muslims try to pronounce the ra’ without touching the tongue to the gum.  Some mistakenly use the throat, like the French do in the French “r”.  The Arabic lam has the widest use of the tongue of any other letters, but uses only the end of the sides of the tongue until it ends at the tip, which then hits the gums of the front upper eight teeth.

The above are just brief summaries of the letters, and as stated before, insha’ Allah soon a tidbit lesson will be posted with all the articulation points discussed in detail.

A third mistake incurred by Arabs and non-Arabs alike is in making proper stops and starts.  There is more than one aspect to this mistake.  The first aspect is that the proper way to stop on a word is by putting a sukoon, or absence of a vowel on the last letter of the word.  It is not allowed to stop using the harakah, or vowel on the last letter of the word.  The second aspect of stopping is that of stopping at a place that doesn’t contradict the meaning intended by Allah, the Exalted.  The same mistake can occur when starting up after stopping and taking a breath.  One cannot just start on the next word arbitrarily, instead the meaning needs to be considered, and the start should be on a word that portrays the correct and complete meaning, even if the reciter needs to go back two or three words.  The stop and start will be explained in detail, insha’ Allah in future tidbit lessons. 

One note that is of utmost importance.  It is vital that the Muslim learn the Arabic letters and vowels and recite the Qur’an using them, NOT a transliteration.  Transliterations do not take into account the various letters that sound similar to the untrained ear, but are very different in pronunciation.  The Qur’an is the word of Allah, revealed to man as a guidance, and we have to be extremely careful to read it, as best we can, with proper pronunciation.  Reading a transliteration can lead to changing the meaning of the Arabic Qur’an by mispronouncing letters.

​MANNERS WHEN READING THE QUR'AN

MANNERS OF THE HEART
A. UNDERSTANDING OF THE ORIGIN OF THE WORDS

This is an indication to the greatness of the words being read, and the bounty of Allah; Glorified is He, to His creation when He addressed His creation with these words.

B. PUTTING INTO THE HEART THE UNDERSTANDING THAT THESE ARE NOT THE WORDS OF MAN. 

Through this the reader should think about the characteristics of Allah the Exalted. 

C. PRESENCE OF THE HEART WHILE READING.

Through this the reader should throw away other thoughts while reading the Qur’an.

D. PONDERING THE MEANING. 

There is less reward in reciting the Qur'an without understanding the meaning.  The Qur'an was revealed for guidance and this can be achieved through recitation accompanied with pondering. 

E. UNDERSTANDING THE MEANING. 

This means interacting and reacting to every verse according to what is proper for it. 

F.  INDIVIDUALIZATION 

This means that the reader feels that every message in the Qur’an is meant especially for him personally.

EXTERNAL MANNERS FOR READING THE QUR’AN

Purity of body and clothes and place.
Using sawak.
Facing the Qiblah.
Seeking refuge from rejected Satan and reading the basmalah.
Not reading when yawning.
Avoiding cutting off reading to talk with people.
Stopping at a verse of warning and seeking protection with Allah, and stopping at a verse of mercy and asking The Merciful for His Bounty.
Humbleness and crying when reading.

Imam An-Nawwawi may Allah be Merciful to him said: Crying when reading the Qur’an is a characteristic of those who know Allah (know Him through His names and Characteristics) and the feelings of the righteous.


The Noble Quran is the literal words of Allah that He revealed as an infallible source of legislation for mankind to live an organised life by. It contains regulations and recommendations about all aspects of life and references to the Hereafter. Being so important, the Quran must be read, written, and recited correctly and clearly, so as not to create any sort of ambiguity or misunderstanding whatsoever. Allah Almighty addressed His Messenger Muhammad  [sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allah exalt his mention )]  (may Allah exalt his mention) in the Quran, Saying (what means): "…And recite the Quran with measured recitation." [Quran 73:4]

Listening to the Quran being recited correctly is enough to soften even the hardest of hearts. Muslims and non-Muslims alike find it a deeply moving experience, even if they do not understand what is being said. Every Muslim has to recite Quran in prayers, but many of us do not realise that reciting the Quran correctly while observing the rules of recitation is not an advanced science for expert reciters alone, rather it is an obligation upon each and every one of us whenever we recite the Quran.

What is Tajweed?

The Arabic word Tajweed linguistically means 'proficiency' or 'doing something well'. It comes from the same root letters as the word Jayyid, which means 'good'. When applied to the Quran, it means giving every letter of the Quran its rights and dues of characteristics when we recite the Quran, and observing the rules that apply to those letters in different situations. We give the letters their rights by observing the essential characteristics of each letter. We give them their dues by observing the characteristics of each letter that are present in them some of the time and not present at other times.

The Quran was revealed with Tajweed rules applied to it. In other words, when the angel Jibreel (Gabriel), may Allah exalt his mention, recited the words of Allah to the Prophet Muhammad  [sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allah exalt his mention )]  he recited them in a certain way and he showed the Prophet  [sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allah exalt his mention )]  the ways in which it was permissible to recite the Quran. So it is obligatory upon us to observe those rules so that we recite it in the way it was revealed. 

At the time of the Prophet  [sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allah exalt his mention )]  there was no need for people to study Tajweed because they talked with what is now known as Tajweed, so it was natural for them. When the Arabs started mixing with the non-Arabs and as Islam spread, mistakes in the Quranic recitation began to appear, so the scholars had to record the rules. Now, because the everyday Arabic that Arabs speak has changed so much from the Classical Arabic with which the Quran was revealed, even the Arabs have to study Tajweed.

The Purpose of Tajweed

The Quran is the word of Allah, and its every syllable is from Allah. Its recitation must be taken very seriously. The purpose of the Science of Tajweed, in essence, is to make the reciter proficient in reciting the Quran, observing the correct pronunciation of every letter with the rulings and characteristics which apply to it, without any exaggeration or deficiency. Through this, the reciter can recite the Quran according to the way of the Prophet  [sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allah exalt his mention )]  who received it from Jibreel who received it from Almighty Allah in the Classical Arabic language.

Each Arabic letter has a Makhraj (an exit or articulation point from which it originates) and Sifaat (attributes or characteristics). Knowing the Makhraj and Sifaat of each letter is an important part of Tajweed. Sometimes two letters have very similar exits, which makes mixing them up easy. So, if a person does not know the attributes of each letter, he may change the meaning of the words in Quran recitation. Observing the rules of Tajweed in reciting prevents the reciter from making mistakes in reciting the Quran.

The Ruling of Reading with Tajweed 

Imaam Muhammad Ibn Al-Jazari  [may Allah have mercy upon him]  who was a great Quran and Hadeeth scholar of the 9th Hijri century, stated in his famous poem that details the rules of Tajweed: 
"And applying Tajweed is an issue of absolute necessity, Whoever doesn't apply Tajweed to the Quran, then a sinner is he." 

Hence, applying the rules of Tajweed is an obligation to keep away from the major mistakes in reciting the Quran. 

The scholars have divided the types of mistakes one might fall into when reciting the Quran into two: 

1. Clear mistakes: which usually change obvious things and change the meaning.

2. Hidden mistakes: for which one may need to study Tajweed rules. 

The majority of scholars agree that applying the Tajweed rules of the Quran such that the clear mistakes are avoided is an individual obligation (Fardh 'Ayn) upon every Muslim who has memorised part or all of the Quran, while applying the rules of Tajweed to avoid the hidden mistakes is a collective obligation (Fardh Kifaayah) upon Muslims. That is, there must be some students of knowledge who have knowledge of that. This is because the Quran was revealed with the Tajweed rules applied to it, and the Prophet  [sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allah exalt his mention )]  recited it back to Jibreel in that way and the companions of the Prophet  [sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allah exalt his mention )]   read it in that way, so it is an established Sunnah (Prophetic tradition or practice).

The list below shows the type of mistakes under each category: 

Clear Mistakes: 

Mistakes related to correct pronunciation of letters so that letters are not mixed up in a way that changes their meaning. Scholars and ordinary Muslims alike should avoid these. 

Examples of Clear Mistakes: 

• Changing one letter into another or a short vowel (Harakah) into another (e.g. changing Fat-hah into Dhammah or the letter Qaaf into Kaaf, etc) 

• Not observing the elongations (Madd) at all. Reciting them quickly as if there is no Madd so that they turn into the length of a vowel. 

• Making a Madd letter which out of a normal Harakah. 

• Stopping or starting at an incorrect place so that the meaning is spoilt, like stopping at 'Laa ilaaha' (i.e., there is nothing worthy of worship), without completing 'illallaah' (except Allah). 

Hidden Mistakes: 

Mistakes which have to do with perfecting pronunciation and are not obvious. These are known only by those who have studied Tajweed rules or are experts in this field. Ordinary Muslims may not know such mistakes or perceive them to be so. 

Examples of Hidden Mistakes: 

• Not being totally exact with the elongation of letters: (Making the Madd shorter or longer by a 1/2 or even 1/4 degree, etc.) 

• Not observing the attributes of each letter perfectly: (Slightly rolling the Raa', or exaggerating the 'N' sound in Noon etc.) 

• Not observing the rules with which to pronounce letters when they are next to each other (like not merging certain letters that should be merged (Idghaam) and not clearly pronouncing those which should be clearly pronounced (Ith-haar) etc.) 

• Making light letters sound heavy and heavy letters sound light (except if by doing this one changes a letter into another; in which case it would be an obvious mistake.) 

Among the proofs that the scholars bring to show the obligation of Tajweed and its being an established Sunnah is that Almighty Allah Says in the Quran (what mean): "…And recite the Quran with measured recitation." [Quran 73:4]

There are various Prophetic narrations also showing us the importance of Tajweed. Umm Salamah, may Allah be pleased with her, was asked about the recitation of the Prophet  [sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allah exalt his mention )]  and she described it as a recitation: "Clearly-distinguished, letter by letter".


​Letters and Vowels

Introduction

The Arabic Alphabet

The table shows the letters of the alphabet in their possible states, depending on whether they are isolated or together with other letters in a word. If it is in a word, its form is affected by its position within the word, whether initial, middle or final. This causes a letter to have 4 possible forms, 1 when alone, and 3 when in a word: initial, middle and final.

 

MERGED

ISOLATED

Final Middle Initial
ـأ  ـأ أ أ
ﺐ ـبـ بـ ب
ﺖ ـتـ تـ ت
ـث ـثـ ﺛ ث
ـج ـجـ جـ ج
ـح ـحـ حـ ح
ـخ ـخـ خـ خ
ـد ـد د د 
ـذ ـذ ذ ذ
ـر ـر ر ر 
ـز ـز ز ز  
ـس ـسـ سـ س
ـش ـشـ شـ ش 
ـص ـصـ صـ ص 
ـض ـضـ ضـ ض 
ـط ﻄ طـ ط
ـظ ـظـ ظـ ظ
ـع ـعـ عـ ع
ـغ ـغـ غـ غ
ـف ـفـ فـ ف  
ـق ـقـ قـ ق  
ـك ـكـ كـ ك 
ـل ـلـ لـ ل  
ـم ـمـ مـ  م
ـن ـنـ نـ ن 
ـه ـهـ هـ  ہ 
ـو ـو و  و 
ي  ـيـ  يـ ي

 

NOTE :

There are 6 letters that do not allow any letter to join with them from the left. These letters are :

 و ز ر ذ د أ

Click here to view a printable chart about these letters.

 

Letters

The correct recitation of the Qur'an that is achieved by giving each letter its due (using the organs of speech) through:

The vowel movements - Harakaat
Prescribed point of exit (where the sound of each letter should come from) - Makhraj
The manner of articulation (the characteristics of the letters and recitation) - Sifa

 

There are 16 letters of the Arabic alphabet which can be likened to various letters of the English alphabet :

 

Arabic Letter Closest English Equivalent Arabic Word Example Surah : Verse English word example Audio
ب B 78:12 Bravo
ت T 79:6 Tango
ج J 78:9 Juliet
د D 79:30 Delta
ز Z 79:13 Zulu
س S 78:4 Sierra
ش Sh 78:39 Shoe
ف F 78:3 Foxtrot
ك K 78:4 Kilo
ل L 78:10 Leema
م M 78:3 Mike
ن N 78:9 November
ه H 78:3 Hotel
و W 78:16 Water
ء A 78:14 Alpha
ي Y 78:18 Yankee

The following letters do not have an English equivalent. These are :

  ‌‌  ‌  ‌ ‌

ث خ ذ ر ص ض
ط ظ ع ‌غ ق    

 

Vowels (Harakaat)

In the English language we use letters for vowels, whereas in the Arabic language we use symbols, or a combination of symbols and letters. Also, the Arabic language has short and long vowels, whereas the English language has just the one type.

SHORT VOWELS (1 count)

 

Symbol Name Also Known As Sound Example of Sound Example of Arabic letter  
fathah Zabar a cat
Kasrah Zay i / e me
Dammah Paysh u who

LONG VOWELS (2 counts)

 

Symbol/ Letter Other Sound Extract from Verse Surah :Verse  
ٰ

ىٰ

aa

aa

aa

(114:2)

 

(114:3)

 

(93:1)
  ea/ee (114:5)
  oo (112:3)

MISCELLANEOUS

 

Symbol/ Letter Name Description Extract from Verse Surah :Verse  
/ Sukoon / Saakin Indicates the absence of a vowel. Joins 2 letters together (112:4)
Shaddah Indicates a doubled letter (joins 2 letters and also tightens the pronunciation to illustrate 2 of the same letter), to the point that you pause on it for a fraction of a second

E.g

(113:5)

SHADDAH ( )

The letter on which the symbol appears is read by doubling it. (e.g R would become RR) So the first letter (R) is read as if there would be a sukoon (stop) on the it and the second (R) with a harakat (vowel)

E.g

'Tabba' (    ) should be read as 'tab-ba' (2 ب 's),

not as 'tab' (   )

(1 ب )

In its original form it can be dissected as 

Caution - when there are a couple or a few tashdeeds together in one, two or three words, then utmost care should be taken to ensure that all the tashdeeds are recited correctly. It is a common mistake to be neglectful of these collective tashdeeds

Example

Extract from Verse Surah :Verse  
(113:4)
(7:157)


​Rules of the Definite Article

Of the 28 letters of the Arabic alphabet,

14 of the letters are known as solar (sun) letters. These are :

ت ‌ث ‌د ‌ذ‌ ر ‌ز ‌س ‌ش ‌ص ‌ض ‌ط‌ ظ ‌ل‌ ن‌

14 of the letters are known as lunar (moon) letters. These are :

ء ‌ب  ‌ج ‌ ح  ‌خ  ‌ع  ‌غ ‌ ف  ‌ق  ‌ك‌  م  ‌ه‌  و ‌ ي

the Arabic letters ال means 'The' in English

E.g ﺑﺎب door  
  ال the  
ال + ﺑﺎب = اﻟﺒﺎب  
The + Door = The Door  

The 1st letter of the word that follows ال would determine the pronunciation depending on whether it is a sun or moon letter

 
SOLAR (SUN) LETTERS (shamsiyyah) ﺷﻤﺴﻴﻪ

EXAMPLE 1

Requirements :

Presence of ال  
followed by a sun letter

Effect:

the letter alif of the ال is assimilated with the sun letter
the letter laam of the ال is ignored
the sun letter carries a shaddah 

  ﺷَﻤﺲ Sun
  ال The
ال + ﺷَﻤﺲ = اَﻟﺸَّﻤﺲ
The + Sun = The Sun

This is pronounced as 'ash-shams' and not 'al-shams'

If you want to join the preceding word onto the ال word, then you ignore the ال completely

EXAMPLE 2

Requirements :

Presence ofال
followed by a sun letter
and preceded by another word

Effect :

the last letter of this word joins straight onto the sun letter
so the ال is ignored completely

(1:4)
    The letter  joins straight onto the sun letter and the   is ignored completely
    This is pronounced 'yaw-mid-deen'

 

Examples of Solar Letters

Sun Letter Definite article attached to word Definite article preceded by letter / word Surah : Verse   
(95:1)
(3:195)
(1:3)
(51:1)
(2:143)
(2:277)
(2:22)
(25:29)
(112:2)
(9:91)
(2:260)
(4:75)
(2:274)
(75:2)

Lunar (MOON) Letters (Qamariyyah)ﻗﻤﺮﻳﻪ

EXAMPLE 1

Requirements :

Presence of ال
followed by a moon letter

Effect :

the ال is pronounced

  ﻗَﻤﺮ Moon  
  ال The  
ال + ﻗَﻤﺮ = اﻟْﻘَﻤﺮ
The + Moon = The Moon  

This is pronounced as 'al-qamr' and not 'aq-qamr'

If you want to join the preceding word onto the ال word, you only ignore the letter alif of the ال

EXAMPLE 2

Requirements :

Presence of ال
followed by a moon letter
and preceded by another word

Effect :

the last letter of this word joins straight onto the letter laam of the alif
therefore ignoring the letter alif only

(1:7)
    The letter  joins straight onto the   and only the alif is ignored
    This is pronounced as 'ghair-ril-magh-dhoo-be'

 

Examples of Lunar Letters

Lunar Letter Definite article attached to word Definite article preceded by letter / word Surah : Verse   
(12:6)
(2:127)
(7:40)
(69:2)
(52:35)
(10:88)
(10:90)
(2:191)
(16:107)
(18:9)
(1:7)
(56:1)
(56:55)
(15:99)

 



​The letter Hamzah (ء)

There are two types of hamzah that appear in the Qur'an. Both are read and treated differently

 

Sign in Qur'an is ء
May appear anywhere within a word.
It is always pronounced

 

Sign in the Qur'an is ٱ
Appears only at the beginning of a word.
Pronounced only if there is no letter before it.

 
 

 
Hamza tul Wasl (ﳘﺰة اﻟﻮﺻﻞ)

It occurs only at the beginning of the word.
It occurs without any harakah (vowel) on it.
It is written as ٱ
It can be pronounced or skipped

Pronounced   Skipped
If the reader starts reading from the word starting with hamza tul wasl, then it should be pronounced.   If the reader connects the word which begins with hamza tul wasl with the letter preceding it, this letter is directly connected to the letter following hamza tul wasl.

 

Hamza tul wasl will be assigned with a dammah, if the 3rd letter of the verb carries a dammah.

3rd Letter Hamza tul Wasl Extract from Verse Surah : Verse  
Dammah Dammah 7:55
Dammah Dammah 12:9

 

Exceptional cases. The following words are the only verbs in the Qur'an where the 3rd letter carries a dammah but a kasrah is assigned to the hamza tul wasl (if he starts reading with it) :

ٱﻣﻀﻮا
ٱﻣﺸﻮا
ٱﺑﻨﻮا
ٱﻗﻀﻮا
ٱﺋْﺘُﻮا

 

Hamza tul wasl will be assigned with a kasrah, if the 3rd letter of the verb carries a fathah or kasrah.

3rd Letter Hamza tul Wasl Extract from Verse Surah : Verse  
fathah Kasrah 9:9
Kasrah Kasrah 1:6

Click here to view a printable chart depicting the rules on pronouncing Hamza tul Wasl

Click here to view a printable chart summarizing the rules of Hamza tul Wasl

Click 'here' to view practice exercises for the rules of Hamza tul Wasl

 

Hamza tul Qat'a (ﳘﺰة اﻟﻘﻄﻊ)

The letter Hamzah appears in many different forms in the Arabic language, but pronounced the same

E.g إ أ ئ ٶ ء

Note that the Alif and Hamzah are 2 different letters. The letter Alif in the Arabic language is always free from any type of harakah. If an Alif seems to have a harakah, then in actual fact it is a Hamzah

Points relating to the letter Hamzah

When pronouncing a Hamzah that carries a sukoon  , care should be taken that it is pronounced correctly. Failing to do so may change it into a Waw  , Ya  or an Alif 

 

E.g (104:8)   may sound as

 

 

E.g (2:58)   may sound as

 

E.g (21:61)   may sound as

 

When there appear 2 Hamzahs together, ensure both are pronounced distinctively

E.g (79:27)
E.g (21:62)

 

Where the letters Hamzah and Aeyn  appear together, ensure that both are differentiated clearly

E.g (114:1)

E.g

(99:6)
E.g (21.81)


​ Tajweed rule 1st edition 1 Introduction What is Tajweed? The word Tajweed linguistically means ‘proficiency’ or ‘doing something well’. When applied to the Qur’an, it means giving every letter of the Qur’an its rights and dues of characteristics when we recite the Qur’an and observing the rules that apply to those letters in different situations. We give the letters their rights by observing the essential characteristics of each letter that never leave it. And we give them their dues by observing the characteristics of each letter that are present in them some of the time and not present at other times. The Qur’an was revealed with Tajweed rules applied to it. In other words, when the angel Jibreel ((AS)) recited the words of Allah to the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) he recited them in a certain way and he showed the Prophet (SAW) the ways in which it was permissible to recite the Qur’an. So it is upon us to observe those rules so that we recite it in the way it was revealed. History of Tajweed At the time of the Prophet (SAW) there was no need for people to study Tajweed because they talked with what is now known as Tajweed so it was natural for them. When the Arabs started mixing with the non-Arabs as Islam spread, mistakes in Qur’an recitation started appearing, so the scholars had to record the rules. Now, because the everyday Arabic that Arabs speak has changed so much from the Classical Arabic with which the Qur’an was revealed, even Arabs have to study Tajweed. The purpose of Tajweed The Qur’an is the word of Allah, and its every syllable is from Allah. Its recitation must be taken very seriously. The purpose of the Science of Tajweed in essence is to make the reciter proficient in reciting the Qur’an, observing the correct pronunciation of every letter with the rulings and characteristics which apply to each letter, without any exaggeration or deficiency. And so through this the reciter can recite the Qur’an upon the way of the Prophet pbuh. as he received it from Jibreel who received it from Allah (SWT) in the Classical Arabic dialect that it came down in. Arabic letters each have a Makhraj – an exit or articulation point - in the mouth or throat from which they originate and they also each have Sifaat – attributes, or characteristics - particular to them. Knowing the Makhraj and Sifaat of each letter is an important part of Tajweed. Sometimes two letters have very similar exits which makes mixing them up easy. So if a person does not know the attributes of each letter there is a danger that he will change the meaning of the words in Qur’an recitation. Observing the rules of Tajweed in reciting protects the reciter from making mistakes in reciting the Qur’an. The ruling of reading with Tajweed Muhammad bin Al-Jazaree the great Qur’an and Hadeeth scholar of the 9th Century (Hijri) says in his famous poem, detailing the rules of Tajweed: “And applying Tajweed is an Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 2 issue of absolute necessity, whoever doesn’t apply Tajweed to the Qur’an, then a sinner is he.” So he regarded it as an obligation and he regarded leaving it as a sin. And the majority of scholars agree that applying the Tajweed rules of Qur’an are an individual obligation () upon every Muslim who has memorized or read part of or all of the Qur’an. That is because the Qur’an was revealed with the Tajweed rules applied to it and the Prophet (SAW) recited it back to Jibreel in that way and the Companions of the Prophet (SAW) read it in that way, so it is an established Sunnah. The obligation of Tajweed The proofs that the scholars bring to show the obligation of Tajweed is that Allah says in the Qur’an, ∩⊆∪ ¸ξ‹Ï?ös? tβ#u™öà)ø9$# È≅Ïo?u‘uρ ϵø‹n=tã ÷ŠÎ— ÷ρr& The meaning of which is: ‘And recite the Qur’an (aloud) in a (slow and melodious) style (tarteela)’ (Surah Muzzammil, Ayah 4) Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) said in the explanation of this aayah: “at-Tarteel is Tajweed of the letters and knowing where to stop (correctly)”.[An-Nashr of Ibn Al-Jazaree 209:1] And of the rights of reciting correctly is reciting it the way it was revealed. There are various Ahadeeth also showing us the importance of Tajweed. Umm Salamah was asked about the recitation of the Prophet (SAW) and she described it as a recitation ‘clearlydistinguished letter by letter’.[Tirmidhi] Sa’eed bin Mansoor relates in his Sunan that a man was reciting the Qur’an to Abdullah bin Mas’ood and he recited “Innamas sadaqaatu lil fuqara-i wal masaakeen”, so Ibn mas’ood said: “This was not how the Messenger of Allah (SAW) recited it to me!” So the man asked, “How did he read it to you oh Aba Abdir-Rahman?” So he said “Lil Fuqaraaaa-i wal masaakeen”, he elongated the word Fuqaraa and the knowledge of the different lengths of elongation (mudood) is also from the rules of Tajweed. Ibn al-Jazari (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: Whoever is able to read the words of Allah with correct Arabic pronunciation but he deliberately pronounces it incorrectly like a non-Arab, out of arrogance, stubbornness and complacency, or because he is too proud to go to a scholar who could help him to correct his pronunciation, is undoubtedly falling short and sinning and being dishonest. The Messenger of Allaah (pbuh) said: “Religion is sincerity: to Allah, to His Book, to His Messenger, and to the leaders of the Muslims and their common folk.” It is not permissible for anyone to deliberately change any letter of it when he is able to pronounce it correctly. This is a kind of mistake which is a sin. If a person finds it difficult Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 3 to pronounce the letters correctly – such as people in whose language some of the Arabic letters, such as ظ , ذ and خ do not exist – they have to try to learn the correct pronunciation, but if they are unable to master it then they are excused, but their example should not be followed, and they should be called upon to strive their hardest to learn and correct their pronunciation. And none of them should lead the prayer, unless he is leading others like him who cannot pronounce well either. (1) Mistakes in Tajweed:- The scholars have divided the types of mistakes one might fall into when reciting the Qur’an into two types: 1.Clear mistakes and 2.Unobvious (hidden) mistakes. The Clear mistakes must be avoided by all and to avoid them one must know the rules of Tajweed. If a person falls into the Clear Mistakes, this is considered a sin and Ibn Taymiyyah even regarded it undesirable for a Student of Knowledge (i.e. someone who knows Tajweed) to pray behind a person who makes Clear Mistakes in their Salaah. As for the Unobvious mistakes, then the ruling on them is lighter and the recitation of a person falling into this type of mistake is regarded as lacking in completeness and prayer behind such a person is sound. Reciting the Qur’an melodiously The Prophet (SAW) used to recite the Qur’an in slow, measured, rhythmic tones as Allah had instructed him, not hurriedly, but rather “he would recite a surah in such slow rhythmic tones that it would be longer than it would seem possible.”[Muslim, Muwatta] He would stop at the end of each aayah [Abu Dawud]. He commanded people to recite in a beautiful voice in a pleasant melodious tone. He said “Beautify the Qur’an with your voices [for a fine voice increases the Qur’an in beauty]”[Bukhari] and he said “He who does not recite the Qur’an in a pleasant tone is not of us.”[Abu Dawud] Unfortunately all too often we find people reciting the Qur’an quickly and without changing their tone and without any feeling. We should put all our efforts into reciting the Qur’an with as much feeling as we can! Have you ever prayed behind an Imam who read with feeling? Well the Prophet (SAW) said “Truly the one who has one of the finest voices among the people for reciting the Qur’an is the one whom you think fears Allah when you hear him recite.”[Daarimi, Tabaraani] And once when the Prophet (SAW) complimented Abu Moosaa al-Ash’ari on the beauty of his recitation, Abu Moosaa said “Had I known you were there, I would have made my voice more pleasant and emotional for you.”[Bukhari, Muslim] Let us remember, that the Qur’an is the word of Allah. In it we find exhortations, warnings, glad-tidings, parables, stories of the past, commands and prohibitions. Aayaat to make us think, reflect, cry, fear, hope, love, fall down in prostration! How can we recite all of 1 67586 www.islam-qa.com Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 4 this without feeling!? When we recite an aayah of Qur’an we should imagine that we are trying to feel and convey the full message behind that aayah. Perhaps some of us don’t feel confident. I believe that this lack of confidence comes partly from not knowing the rules of Tajweed correctly and so fearing that we will make mistakes and partly from not understanding the meaning of what we are reciting. So let us work hard to remove these two obstacles by learning Tajweed and working towards learning Arabic. Helpful Tips towards learning Tajweed * You must find a Qur’an teacher who has studied Tajweed to listen to your recitation and correct you. Tajweed cannot merely be learnt from books, because the movements of your mouth as well as the sounds are important and only a teacher can correct you and make sure you are applying the rules correctly. Qur’an recitation is a science which was passed down generation by generation through teachers not just books, with a direct line to the Prophet pbuh. * Follow this book containing the rules of Tajweed and learn each rule little by little, applying it as you go along with the help of your teacher. Following the charts will make it even better to understand and remember the rules InshaaAllah. * Listen to Qur’an tapes of reciters who recite very clearly (you can find that also at www.reciter.org), at a medium or slow speed and notice them applying the different rules of Tajweed. Repeat after them while trying to apply the rules you’ve learnt. Try to copy their tone and melody as well and see how it changes as the meaning of what they’re reciting changes. * Apply the rules you learn to the Surahs you have already memorized and don’t save any effort about reciting correctly. You might have to revise the surahs by looking back at them. * Practice and repetition will make perfect InshaaAllah: As Ibn al-Jazaree says in his poem about acquiring Tajweed: ‘And there is no obstacle between it (learning Tajweed) and leaving it, Except that a person must exercise his mouth with it!’ May Allah help us all to give His Book its right when we recite it and make reciting it more beloved to our tongues than anything else. Aameen. `t{t `A etá{xw Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 5 Tajweed The linguistic meaning
   of Tajweed is  (to beautify something). The technical meaning
   of Tajweed is      ‑­ (to give every letter its right with its description and its origination) Benefits of learning Tajweed The benefits of learning Tajweed are many as reflected in some of the following Ahadeeth: • The reciters of the Qur’an will be in the company of the noble and obedient angels ‘Aa’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, relates that the Prophet (SAW) said: “Verily the one who recites the Qur’an beautifully, smoothly, and precisely, he will be in the company of the noble and obedient angels. And as for the one who recites with difficulty, stammering or stumbling through its verses, then he will have TWICE that reward.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim] • You will be from the best of people ‘Uthmaan, may Allah be pleased with him, said that the Prophet (SAW) said: “The best of you are the ones who learn the Qur’an and teach it to others” [Al-Bukhari] • There are ten rewards for each letter you recite from the Quran “Whoever reads a letter from the Book of Allah, he will have a reward. And that reward will be multiplied by ten. I am not saying that “Alif, Laam, Meem” is a letter, rather I am saying that “Alif” is a letter, “laam” is a letter and “meem” is a letter.” [Tirmidhi states this is saheeh] • The Qur’an will lead you to Paradise! The Qur’an is an intercessor, something given permission to intercede, and it is rightfully believed in. Whoever puts it in front of him, it will lead him to Paradise; whoever puts it behind him, it will steer him to the Hellfire.” [An authentic hadith found in AtTabaraanee, on the authority of ‘Abdullaah ibn Mas’ood] Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 6 Rules of Noon and Meem Mushaddad
  
  • The way of pronouncing: If a Meem or Noon is Mushaddad (that is, it has a shaddah sign on it), the reader must do Ghunnah (or Nasal sound) of 2 (beats) on it. • Examples:- zΟ ¨ Ψyγpg¿2 ÏπuŠÏ¹$¨Ζ9$$Î/ Ĩ$¨Ψ9$#  χ ã ρutIs9 ¨ βr& !$ ¯ ΡÎ) … ç µ • Β é'sù $¨ Βr'sù !$¨ Βr&uρ § Νtã Note: if the reader stops on a word ending with Noon or Meem Mushaddad, the Gunnah for the Meem or Noon Mushadad still have to be applied. Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 7 Al –Qalqalah
• The meaning of Qalqalah: Means vibration, it is the vibration of sound at the end of the pronunciation of a letter. It can be stated as a state between a Saakin (letter with Sukoon sign on it) and Mutaharrik (letter with Movement) • Letters of Qalqalah: They are collected in the words [!" #$] OR [% & ' ( )] • Examples: Ædkysø9$#uρ î ‰ymr& x8u‘ô‰|¹ ‘ ,ptø:$# ß ‰yϑ ¢ Á9$# Ο ß γyϑyèôÛr& ¡ =s?uρ y‰|¡ym ç tIö/F{$# Note: Qalqalah is only pronounced when the letter is Saakin (either the letter has the Sukoon sign or is assigned a sukoon because of stopping). Strongest Strong Weak Reach the goal with Tajweed rule 1st edition 8 The Heavy and light Letters وف ا
 Types of Arabic letters وا considering their heaviness and lightness Heavy letters Temporary heavy and light The following letters 
 Laam () in the Exalted 
   name of Allah    –
 See chart page (10) Letter () ف ا ا See chart page (12) Light letters The Rest letters of the Madd ( The Alif )   The Ghunnah for Ikhfaa Haqiqi   ‑If the preceding letter is heavy If the preceding letter is light Alif Madd should be pronounced heavy Alif Madd should be pronounced light If the following letter is heavy If the following letter is light should be Ghunnah heavy should be Ghunnah light Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 9 -:اوف ا
 letters Heavy. 1 They are collected in the phrase [ظ ق ط غ ض ص خ] OR[
 ] • The way of pronouncing a Heavy Letter:- The heavy letters have the quality of Isti’laa 2 “rising high”. Because while pronouncing them, a part of the tongue (mostly the back part) rises up to the roof makes the letter sound heavy. -: اوف ا  letters Light. 2 All the letters other than the heavy letters and the temporary heavy and light letters. • The way of pronouncing Light Letters: The Light Letters have the quality of Istifaal 3 “falling down”, by lowering the tongue when pronouncing the light letter. 3. Alif Madd ا
 أ The quality of Alif Madd being heavy or light depends on the letter preceding Alif Madd. If the letter before Alif Madd was light, so Alif Madd should accordingly take a light sound. And if the letter before Alif Madd was heavy, so Alif Madd should accordingly take a heavy sound. 4. The Ghunnah for Ikhfaa Haqiqi See page 23 from Rules of Noon Saakinah and Tanween. 2 See page 40 for more details about Isti’laa 3 See page 40 for more details about Istifaal Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 10 5. Rules for The Laam of The Exalted Name of Allah
 ما ا This is one of the temporary Qualities a) If there is a Fatha or a Dhamma before the word of Allah or Allahum, then laam in Allah will be heavy. Example: ¢ Ο ß γ ¯ =9$# (#θ ä 9$s% § Ν ß γ ¯ =9$# šoΨ≈ysö6 ß™ ª !$# u™!$t±o„ ª !$#uρ b) If there is a kasrah before the word Allah, then the Laam in Allah or Allahum will be light Example: ¢ Ο ß γ ¯ =9$# È≅ è % «!$# Ç⎯ƒÏŠ ¬! «!$$Î/ c) If the reader starts reading with the name of Allah, then Laam in Allah or Allahom will be heavy. ============================================ Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 11 Lamm in Allah should be heavy If the letter before the name of Allah has Kasrah Laam () in the Exalted name of Allah
 
  
If the letter before the name of Allah has fathah or Dhammah Lamm in Allah should be light If reader starts reading with the name of Allah Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 12 َ ُ َ ô Look at the previous letter َ ُ َ Hamzatul Wassl letter Yaa’ (ى) Because the following letter (in the same word) is heavy 5 −öÏù ô Look at the Harakah on the previous letter َ ُ َ 4. Ruling of Raa’(ر (being HEAVY(
) or LIGHT( ) Depends on the Harakah on Raa’ (ر ( Light Heavy Heavy Heavy Light Heavy Light Light Heavy Except for #YŠ$|¹óÉ∆ ÏŠ$|¹öÏϑø9$$Î7s9 #YŠ$|¹ö‘Î)uρ < ¨$sÛöÏ% 7 πs%öÏù Light Heavy OR (#þθç/$s?ö‘$# ÇΠr& 4©|Ós?ö‘$#”Ï% © !$# $yϑßγ÷Ηxqö‘$# Éb> § ‘ û©ÉëÅ_ö‘$# uóÇÏΒ ÌôÜÉ)ø9$# Except for Exceptional cases like:- î ö yz Ö ƒÏ‰s% Îô£o„ / Îó r'sù / Í‘ ä ‹ç Ρρu و or ا Or Light OR Heavy Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 13 The Rules of Noon Sakin and Tanween
 
 
 
  • Noon Saakinah: is a Noon with no Harakah or with a Sukoon sign on it. Noon Saakinah • Tanween:- Is actually a noon Saakinah which comes at the end of the nouns. It is pronounced but not written as Noon Saakinah. Tanween Rules of Noon Saakinah and Tanween4 • Izhar Halqi
  • Idgham  • Iqlaab
 • Ikhfaa’ Haqiqi
  4 Please refer to the chart page 20 to be able to find the rule and apply it while reciting Quran ن ôن ن. í > · 7 ¥ R × 7 Y Note: - Tanween only occurs at the end of nouns (except for two verbs) whereas Noon Saakinah may occur anywhere in a word (in the middle or at the End). Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 14 First: Izhaar Halqi
  • Izhaar means “clear” • Izhaar Letters: the throat letters
  • The way of pronunciation :- If a Noon Saakin or a Tanween is followed by any of the six throat letters, The Noon Saakin or the Tanween is pronounced clearly from its respective origination without Ghunnah. • Examples on Noon Saakin z©Å´yz ô⎯yϑÏ9 öΝ å κ÷]tã È≅÷δr& ô⎯ÏΒ Äd“r& ô⎯ÏΒ |Môϑyè÷Ρr& 4 ‘sS÷Ζtƒ • Examples on Tanween }‘Ïδ íΟ≈n=y™ #sŒÎ) #´ ‰ö7tã $pκö n=tæ > ‹Í×tΒöθtƒ 7 πy∞ÏÛ%s{ > πt/É‹≈x. ωÎ) î Π$yèsÛ î πyèϱ≈yz > ‹Í×tΒöθtƒ ôن í > · Note:- If the Tanween is followed by Hamzatul wassl(
 ) , the reader is supposed to pronounce the noon in the Tanween like Noon with Kasrah. Example: ” s)tGó¡çRùQ$# >‹×tΒöθtƒ Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 15 Second: Iqlaab
 • Iqlaab means: - “to turn over” • Iqlaab letters:- “” • The way of pronunciation:- If a Noon Saakin or Tanween is followed by “ب ,“it is converted into a hidden Meen with separating between lips. And the reader should make Ghunnah for 2 beats • Examples on Noon Saakin $uΖ÷Kt7 / Ρr'sù ω÷èt/ . ⎯ÏΒ • Examples on Tanween zΟ ¨ Ψyγpg¿2 ¥ ‹Í×tΒöθtƒ ÏπuŠÏ¹$¨Ζ9$$Î/ $J èxó¡oΨs9 Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 16 Third: Idghaam
 • Idghaam means: - “To mix” or to “put one thing into another”. It is the mixing or entering of a Saakin letter into a Mutaharrik letter following it, so that they became a single Mushaddad letter. • Idghaam Letters:- There are six letters of Idghaam which are collected in the word “ن “
 • Types of Idghaam 1- Idghaam with Ghunnah - The Letters for the Idghaam with Ghunnah: - " " "" " “ " " OR " " If the Noon Saakin or the Tanween is followed by any of these four letters, the reader should make Idghaam with Ghunnah for 2 beats. - The way of pronunciation:- Skip the Noon or Tanween and Pronounce Ghunna with the following letter for 2 beats - Examples on Noon Saakin ΝÍκÉ″!#u‘uρ ⎯ÏΒ ¤ ‰|¡¨ Β ⎯ÏiΒ ö≅yϑ÷ètƒ ⎯yϑsù öΝ ä .y‰ƒÌ“ ¯ Ρ ⎯n=sù Note: the Noon Saakin or the Tanween and the Idgham letter have to be in two different words, otherwise the reader is not Supposed to do Idghaam. In this case it will be Izhaar Motlaq (
 ر
 إ (and this case can be found only in 4 words in Quran $u‹÷Ρ ‘ ‰9$# Ö ⎯≈uŠ÷Ψç/ × β#uθ÷ΖÏ% × β#uθ÷ΖϹ Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 17 - Examples on Tanween × πuΗ¿å$ ¯ Ρ 7 ‹Í×tΒöθtƒ 7 ‹Í×tΒöθtƒ Ò>θ è = è % ⎯ÏiΒ [ ™!#t“y_ Ÿωuρ #Y Šöt/ 2- Idghaam without Ghunnah - The Letters for the Idghaam without Ghunnah: - " " " " If the Noon Saakin or the Tanween is followed by any of these two letters, there is no Ghunnah while making the Idghaam. - The way of pronunciation:- Skip the Noon or Tanween and Pronounce ل or ر without Ghunna - Examples on Noon Saakin óΟ © 9 ⎦Í.s! öΝÍκÍh5 § ‘ ⎯tã - Examples on Tanween Ò ΟŠÏm § ‘ Ô ∃ρâ ™ts9 t⎦⎫ÏΗs>≈yèù=Ïj9 Ö ø.ÏŒ Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 18 Fourth: Ikhfaa Haqiqi
 
 • Ikhfaa maens: “To hide”, It is the pronunciation Of Noon Saakina or Tanween In a way so that the sound is between Idghaam and Izhaar. • Letters of Ikhfaa:- Any letter other than the lettes of Izhaar, Iqlaab or Idghaam letters. • The way of pronunciation:- If any letter other than the letters of Izhaar, Iqlaab or Idghaam letters follows the Noon Saakin or Tanween, the Reader should hide the Noon Saakin or Tanween. The reader is also required to make Ghunnah for two beats. • The Ghunnah for the Ikhfaa:- 1- Heavy Ghunnah 2- Light Ghunnah First: The Heavy Ghunnah
  If the Noon Saakina or the Tanween is followed by one of the heavy letters ( ظ ق ط غ ض ص خ ,(the Sound of Ghunnah should also be heavy: - • Examples on Noon Saakin 4 ©xösÛ ⎯tΒ ã ÝàΖtƒ • Examples on Tanween × πyϑÍh‹s% Ò = ç G ä . $Y 6ƒÌs% $\/#x‹tã Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 19 Second: The Light Ghunnah   If the Noon Saakin or the Tanween is followed by a light letter, the sound of Ghunnah should be light. • Examples on Noon Saakin öΝ ä3≈tΡö‘x‹Ρr& u™!$x© ⎯yϑsù • Examples on Tanween × βù'x© 7 ‹Í×tΒöθtƒ $ ] %$yδÏŠ $U™ù(x.uρ Reach the goal with Tajweed rule 1st edition 20 Chart for Rules of Noon saakinah and Tanween ن · ô > í ن Y 7 × .ن R ¥ 7 Izhaar Halqi (إِر
) Pronounce clear Noon without Ghunna Look at the following letter Iqlaab (ب إ (Change Noon into hidden Meem + separation between the lips + Ghunna I f the following letter is one of the letters in نI f the following letter is any ot h er letter (إء
)Haqiqi Ikhfaa the Noon or the Tanween in Change the pronunciation of to a hidden Noon with Ghunna for 2 beats (إدم) Idgham Idgham with Ghunna (إدم ‑) Idgham without Ghunna ‑!ون ) (إدم Light Ghunna Heavy Ghunna ô⎯ÏΒ Äd“r& >ο§θè% y‰ΖÏã If the letter is one of the letters in " If the letter is ر or ل Skip the Noon or ل Tanween and Pronounce or ر without Ghunna Skip the Noon or Tanween and Pronounce Ghunna with the following letter for 2 beats If the letter is one of the Heavy letters $ %& 'If the letter is one of the (Rest of the Light letters letters) Pronounce the noon on the Tanween like Noon with Kasrah >‹Í×tΒöθtƒ ”s)tGó¡çRùQ$# followed by Tanween is Except if the Hamzatul wassl ) 0 /ه"-ة ا* ( $\/$|¡Ïm #ZÅ¡o„ ⎯yϑsù ö≅yϑ÷ètƒ ×Λ|s% “Ï%Îk! ⎦Í.s! óΟ©9 Exceptional cases ا ر ا
 Motlaq Ezhar If the Noon Sakinah is followed same word, pronounce clear Noon by one of the Idgham letters in the Sakt Sign
ا make the Noon pronounced clearly The presence of the Sakt Sign will without Idgham Ÿ ≅ŠÏ%uρ 2ô⎯tΒ 5−#u‘ ×β#uθ÷ΖϹ ×β#uθ÷ΖÏ% Ö⎯≈uŠ÷Ψç/ $u‹÷Ρ‘‰9$# .⎯ÏΒ È⎦÷⎫t/ ¥‹Í×tΒöθtƒ zΟ¨Ψyγpg¿2 ⎯ÏΒ 8ìƒÎŸÑ $y|¹ $y|¹ ⎯tΒ 4’ª1t“s? %y.yŠ %y.yŠ
 
Pronounced as: Written as: Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 21 How to pronounce each rule Izhaar Halqi نô نô · َ نô+ · َ نô+ í ُ نô+ Idgham with Ghunna 1. Skip the ن 2. Put imaginary ( ) on the next letter + nasal sound with the next letter (2 beats). ّ 2. Put ( ) on the next letter + nasal sound with the next letter (2 beats). 1. Change 7 Y َ ِ × ُ ّ È≅÷δr& ô⎯ÏΒ 8 πuŠÏΒ%tn î ‘$tΡ #sŒÎ) #´‰ö7tã 7 πy∞ÏÛ%s{ 7>πt/É‹≈x.
 
      ‑   ö≅yϑ÷ètƒ ⎯yϑsù 7 πyϑ÷èÏoΡ ⎯ÏΒ ¤ ‰|¡¨Β ⎯ÏiΒ ΝÍκÉ″!#u‘uρ ⎯ÏΒ
!#­
!" !#% $ &! ­ ()*­' 7 ‹Í×tΒöθtƒ × νθã_ãρ 8 οy‰|¹÷σ•Β Ö ‘$tΡ # ’s+ö/r&uρ × öyz …çνttƒ #\ ø‹yz $tΒuρ 7$Î!#uρuρ /' ­ + ,'-. 1230 45­. 6‑ ,7­+ 6‑ ­. 8.. Written As Pronounced As Pronounced As Written • For Noon Saakin As • For Tanween • For Noon Saakin • For Tanween Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 22 ÎhŸ° ⎯ÏΒ ã‡xΖムÌÝàΖu‹ù=sù 9,t7sÛ ⎯tã 79%:;%+ 7=%
<" >?% Light Ghunnah Heavy Ghunnah Idgham without Ghunna Skip the ن Change 7 Y َ ِ × ُ Change ن hidden ن with nasal sound (2 beats) Ikhfaa Haqiqi ⎯ © 9 βr& çν#u™§ ‘ βr& y7 © 9 × öy{ 7 πuŠÅÊ#§ ‘ 7 πt±ŠÏã ω 7 ‹Í×tΒöθu‹sù @8 ,A­  B@8 6‑
C­ 9
 @8 /'
" Pronounced As Written As Pronounced As Written As Change 7 Y َ ِ × ُ Change Change + + + hidden ن with nasal sound (2 beats) hidden ن with nasal sound (2 beats) hidden ن with nasal sound (2 beats) • For Noon Saakin • For Tanween • For Noon Saakin • For Tanween Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 23 ’Îû Ò Ο≈yèôÛÎ) #sŒ $VϑŠÏKtƒ $ y |¹ $ y |¹ E;%D # /%!
+ ;F%@;2 Light Ghunnah Heavy Ghunnah Iqlaab Change ن hidden م with nasal sound (2 beats) ِ ; οu‘tt/ ¤ Θ#tÏ. ö≅t/ 8ÝŠÏt ’Χ 1G!7
!H?
I $uΖ÷Kt7 / Ρr'sù È⎦÷⎫t/ . ⎯ÏΒ J!% KL" Pronounced As Written As Pronounced As Written As Change َ 7 ُ Change Change + + + hidden م with nasal sound (2 beats) hidden م with nasal sound (2 beats) hidden م with nasal sound (2 beats) R ¥ • For Noon Saakin • For Tanween Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 24 The Rules of Meem Saakinah
  
 
 • Meem Saakin: - Is a Meem with no Harakah (م (or a Meem with a Sukoon sign ( ) • Rules of Meem Saakin5 : - 1- Ikhfaa Shafawi
  2- Idghaam Mutamathelyne Sagheer
  3- Izhaar Shafawi
  First: Ikhfaa Shafawi
  • Ikhfaa means:- “hide”, So it is the hiding of the origination of Meem by not letting the two lips come in complete contact. • Letters of Ikhfaa Shafawi
 “ب” • The way of pronounciation:- If the Meem Sakin is followed by a “ب ,“the Meem is pronounced in a way that the two lips do not come in complete contact. A ghunnah with two beats is also done in this case • Examples:- öΝÎγÎ6 / Ρx‹Î/ Ο ß γ š /u‘ ¨ βr'Î/ Λs>÷ètƒ A >#x‹yèÎ/ Ν è δ÷Åe³t7sù 5 Please refer to the chart page 31 to be able to find the rule and apply it while reciting Quran مô Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 25 Second :Idghaam Mutamathelyne Sagheer
  Idgham means: - “to mix” or to put on thing into another. It is the mixing or entering of a saakin letter “م “into a Mutaharrik letter “م “following it. • Letters of Idghaam Mutamathelyne Sagheer
 “م” • The way of pronounciation:- If a Meem Saakin is followed by a “م ,“the second Meem is pronounced with Ghunnah with two beats. • Examples:- tβθ è Oθ ã èö6 ¨ Β Ν å κ ¨ Ξr& 8ÝŠÏt ’ Χ ΝÍκÉ″!#u‘uρ ô⎯ÏiΒ Ν ß γoΨtΒ#u™uρ Third: Izhaar Shafawi
 (6) • Izhaar Shafawi means: - “clear” or clear Meem • Letters of Izhaar Shafawi:- All the Letters other than “ب” ,“م“ • The way of pronunciation:- If the Meem Saakinah is followed by any letter other than “ب” , “م , “it has to be pronounced clearly by making a complete contact of the two lips. • Examples:- ö≅yèøgs† óΟs9r& š χρ â ™!#t ã ƒ öΝ è δ ⎯tã öΝ è δ tβθ è δ$y™ öΝÍκÍEŸξ|¹ 6 When the Meem is followed by (و (or (ف ,(the Izhaar should be stronger and it is called “Izhaar Shafawi Ashadd” Reach the goal with Tajweed rule 1st edition 26 Pronounce clear Meem without Ghunna Look at the following letter If the letter is following م Idghaam Mutamaathilayne Sagheer ( 
  إد
م
 ) إ
ر ى ( Shafawi Izhaar ö / ( ã φ Ï µ‹Ïù Pronounce the seconed Meem + Ghunna Rules of Meem Saakinah م ô م If the following letter is ب between the lips + Meem + separation Pronounce hidden Ghunna Ο Îγ ø ‹ n =tæ @ÏÜ ø Š | Á ß ϑ Î / Ikhfaa Shafawi ) إ
ء ى ( Ν å κ ¨ Ξ r& tβθèOθãèö6¨Β Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 27 Al-Madd
 • Al-Madd means: Long. Conventionally, it may be defined as to make the Madd letters long under some conditions. The way of pronunciation Al-Madd can be prolonged from two to six beats depending upon its kind. Letters to have Madd Leen letters 1. Yaa “ى “Saakin preceded by a letter with a Fathah Example: ·÷ƒtè% 2. Waaoo “و “Saakin preceded by a letter with a Fathah Example: ∃öθyz Huroof Maddiyyah 1. Alif saakinah “ا“ preceded by a Fathah Example: οu‘$y∨Ït¿2 2. Waaoo Saakinah “و “ preceded by a Dhammah Example: íθã_ 3. Yaa Saakin “ى “preceded by a Kasrah Example: ö/ä3ãΨƒÏŠ Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 28 Types of Madd: - • Madd Tabee’ee
  • Madd Al-Badal
  • Madd Ewadh  • Madd Aaridh Li-Ssukoon
   • Madd Al-Leen   • Madd Waajib Muttasil     • Madd Jaa’ez Munfasil  ‑  • Madd Laazim ­!"  Madd Tabee’ee 
 
 Madd Tabee’ee means the natural Madd. The natural Madd is simply one of the Madd letters ا or و or ى) Huroof maddeya
 ) not followed by a Hamzah (ء (or a Saakin letter. The natural Madd is prolonged two beats. Example:- ; οu‘$y∨Ït¿2 ΝÎγ‹ÏΒös? ¥ Αθ à 2ù'¨ Β Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 29 Madd Al-Badal 
  Madd Al-Badal can simply be defined as (every Hamza preceding a Madd letter). Madd Al-Badal, if not followed by a Saakin letter or Hamzah, is prolonged only 2 beats. Example:- sπtƒFψ$# ç ν#u™u‘ $uΖÏG≈tƒ$t↔Î/ Madd ‘Ewadh
 
  ‘Ewadh means: compensation. Madd ‘Ewadh is the replacement of a Tanween Fathah present at the end of a word while sopping at it, with an Alif Madd (7) . Madd ‘Ewadh is prolonged two beats. Example:- $ y |¹ #X ö∆r& $[ sö7y™ [ ™!$tΒ $R /≡t è ? 7 Except for Taa Marbuta “ ة .“ The Reader should stop on Taa Marbuta and pronounce it like Haa” هـ “ with Sukoon Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 30 Madd ‘Aridh Li-Ssukoon
   Madd Aridh Li-Ssukoon means “temporary Madd for stopping ”. If a Madd Tabee’ee is followed by a letter at the end of a word, which has been made Saakin temporarily because the reader has to stop at the word, the reader should prolong the Madd Tabee’ee to be Madd Aridh Li-Ssukoon. Madd Aridh Li-Ssukoon can be prolonged 2,4 or 6 beats. For the sake of simplicity, we will prolong it 4 beats.. Examples:- tβθ ä 9u™!$|¡tFtƒ ß ⎯≈oΗ÷q§ 9$# ÉΟ‹Ïàyèø9$# ϵ‹Åzr& 9 ≅ŠÅd∨Å™ Madd Al-leen 
  Leen means “easy”. The Leen letters:- A Waaoo (و (or Yaa’ (ى (Saakin preceded by a letter with a Fathah. When should we do this Madd? If one of the Leen letters is followed by a letter at the end of a word, which has been Saakin due to stop (8), the reader should prolong the Leen letter. The reader can choose to prolong it 2,4 or 6 beats. Example:- É#ø‹ ¢ Á9$#uρ ÏMøt7ø9$# ¤ ∃öθyz 8 If the reader will not stop, no Madd is applied. Note: This Madd only exists if the reader stops on that word. If the reader does not stop on it, it should be considered as a Madd Tabee’ee (2 beats). Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 31 Madd Waajib Muttasil 
  Waajib means “Mandatory” and the Muttasil means “Joined”. If a Madd letter [ ا or و or ى [ is followed by a Hamzah (ء ,(which is present in the same word, the reader should prolong it 4-5 beats. Example:- ™!$yϑ ¡¡9$# â ™!$yϑ ¡¡9$# u™!$x© y7Íׯ≈s9'ρ é& u™ü“(%É`uρ Madd Jaa’ez Munfasil ‑ ­!  Jaa’ez Means “permitted”. Munfasil means “Seperated”. If a Madd Letter [ ا or و or ى [ present at the end of a word is followed by a Hamzah (ء (which is present in the beginning of the next word, the reader is supposed to prolong the Madd letter 4-5 beats which is Madd Jaa’ez Munfasil9 . Examples:- ωÎ) (#þθ è Wt7ù=tƒ Ο ß γyϑyèôÛr& ü”Ï% © !$# uÙs)Ρr& ü“Ï% © !$# ç µ≈oΨø9t“Ρr& !$ ¯ ΡÎ) 9 If the reader stops on a word that ends with Madd sign likeü“Ï% © !$#, the Madd will be considered as Madd Tabee’ee (2 beats) Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 32 Madd Laazim "#$  1- Madd Lazim Kalimee Muthaqqal
 
 :- If a Madd Letter is followed by a Mushaddad letter, the reader is required to prolong the Madd letter. It must be prolonged for 6 beats. Example:- 3 ~ ω!$|Ê è π ¨ Β!$ © Ü9$# è π ¨ z!$¢ Á9$# Madd Lazim Harfee  زم
 Madd Lazim Kalimee  زم آ  Muthaqqal
 6 beats Mukhaffaf  6 beats Muthaqqal
 6 beats Mukhaffaf  6 beats Types of Madd Laazim.
   Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 33 2- Madd Laazim Kalimee Mukhaffaf  
 :- If a Madd letter is followed by a Saakin letter, which is present in the same word, the reader is required to prolong the Madd letter. It Must also be prolonged no less than 6 beats. Examples:- this is the only case in the Quran z⎯≈t↔ø9!#u™ 3- Madd Laazim Harfee Muthaqqal
 
 :- If a Madd letter is followed by a Mushaddad letter, the reader is required to prolong the Madd letter. This Madd must be prolonged for 6 beats. Examples:- Pronounced as Written as üÈýϑ!9# &* +, &-.( "% &'( %) ýϑ!9#
 +&-.( "% &'( %) $Ο!9# &-.( "% &'( %) 6 beats 6 beats 6 beats Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 34 4- Madd Laazim Harfee Mukhaffaf  
 :- If a Madd letter is followed by a Saakin letter, both of them being present in the same letter, the reader is required to prolong the Madd letter. This Madd must be prolonged 6 beats. Examples:- Pronounced as Written as üÈÿè‹γ!2 (10) &* +, /&+ +0 +1 &2 %3 üÈýϑ!9# &* +, &-.( "% &'( %) !9#
 +&-.( "% &'( %) $Ο!9# &-.( "% &'( %) 10 The Madd in the letters ( ر هـ ط ى ح (is Madd tabee’ee that has only 2 beats 6 beats 6 beats 6 beats 6 beats Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 35 The Madd is required by the presence of Madd Letters ى or و or ا Leen Letters ى or و (yaa or Waw sakinah preceded by Fathah) Preceded by )ء ( Hamza Followed by any letter Hamza except for )ء ( or a Saakin letter Hamza Followed by )ء ( Followed by A Saakin to stopping Letter due Madd Tabee’ee Madd Al-Badal Madd ‘Aaridh lissukoon Jaa’ez Madd Munfasil Wajib Madd Muttasil Madd AlLeen
   
      ‑   
 word same In the In the word next Followed by A Saakin to stopping Letter due That is resulted from stopping on Except for Fath-ah. Tanween the Tanween on Taa Marboota Madd ‘Ewadh    If it was Alif Madd Followed by Kalemi Lazim Madd Muthaqqal 6 beats  
  Kalemi Lazim Madd Mukhaffaf
  
 Letter Saakin Mushaddad Letter Harfi Lazim Madd Mukhaffaf Harfi Lazim Madd Muthaqqal
  
  
 2 beats 4-5 beats 2, 4 or 6 beats Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 36 (11) 11 This is the way the reader should atop on any word while reciting Quran Stopping at the End of Words with Tanween Words Ending Fat-hah $\/$|¡Ïm $\/#tø?r& [ ™ ! $tΒ
    Changed into Fat-hah on the last letter + Alif Madd Words Ending Marbootah with Taa’ × π y è Ï ±≈ y z Z ο t σ ª Υ Changed into ,Saakinah ـ
 / no matter which Harakah is on the Taa’ Marbootah
    Í ο t Ïù$pt ø :$# end of the word, the reader The extra Madd sign at the stops on it ignoring this a normal Madd for 2 beats. extra Madd sign and make Words Ending with any Harakah other than Tanween Fat-hah Ï µ Ï Β$yèsÛ 5 Οƒ Ì  x . × ⎦⎫Å n g¾ Changed into Sukoon on the last letter t βθ ç Η s >÷èu‹y™ â ™$ ! u Κ ¡ ¡9 $ # 
    ‑­ ! " ­
# Words Ending with Saakin letter or with Madd letter ( ا or ( ى or و Ÿ ω$ s %uρ 4 © |  t ã u ρ þ ’Î o Τ Î ) ÷ É i 9 s 3 s ù Words Ending with a Mushaddad Letter A ρ ß ‰ t ã Sukoon on Stop with a Letters with a Both Identical small Jerk reader’s voice (Nabr) in the No change Æ d k y s ø 9 $ #uρ ô ‰ s 9θム£ ⎯ è =t↔ó¡çFs9 is a Qalqala If the letter letter ­ ! " # $ If the Meem or letter is Noon Mushadad % other than is any letter If the letter or or Qalqala letters ö  p t ù Υ $ #uρ Stop with Qalqala with Stop Qalqala Strong Harakah and Stop with no make Ghunnah for 2 beats … ç µ − / u ‘ Stop with () Haa with Sukoon Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 37 The Qualities of the letters
  The Permanent Qualities with Opposites
  
  Without Opposites Permanent Qualities 
   1. Qalqalah &
'
'2. As-Safeer – (3. Al-Leen – )
4. Al-Inhiraf – *+,- 5. At-Takreer –+.+ 6. At-Tafasshy –/7. Istitaalah – &01-Aljahr +23456Alham Ashiddah 7/Arakhawa +78 Attawassut 91 :;1< Isti’laa 1<Istifaal =><Infitaa $
<Itbaaq $-?<Idhlaq @5A< Ismat Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 38 First: The Permanent Qualities With Opposites
   
  Types & Definitions Hams
 • Literally means concealment • Technically means the continuation of the breath when pronouncing the letter due to weakness in its origin, causing weakness in its reliance on its makhraj • The following letters have this quality:    Jahr
 • Literally means to be apparent • Technically means the discontinuation of the breath when pronouncing the letter due to strength in its origin, causing it to rely greatly on its makhraj • The rest of the letters have this quality Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 39 Shiddah
 • Literally means • strength Technically means the causing it to rely pronouncing the letter sound while discontinuation of the greatly have this quality: • The following letters on its makhraj
  Rakhwah  • Literally means softness • Technically means the continuation of the sound while pronouncing the letter causing weakness in its reliance on its makhraj. Tawassut have this letters of shiddah and • All letters other than the quality. At-Tawassut
 • Literally means moderation • Technically it means between strength and softness so that the sound is partially pronouncing the discontinued when continued and partially letter. its own but • It is not a separate quality on falls in between both shiddah and rakhawah. following letters: • This quality is found in the Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 40 Isti’laa –
 • Literally means elevation. • Technically means the elevation of the back tongue towards the roof of the mouth when pronouncing a letter. • The letters that have this quality are: 
  Istifaal – 
 • Literally means lowering or dropping • Technically means keeping the tongue lowered from the roof of the mouth while pronouncing a letter. • All letters besides the letters of Isti’laa have the quality of Istifaal. Itbaaq –  • Literally means adhesion • Technically means adhesion of the tongue to the roof of the mouth while pronouncing a letter. • The following letters contain this quality: 
 • Note: these letters also have Isti’laa. Infitaah –
 
  • Literally means separation • Technically means keeping the tongue separated from the roof of the mouth while pronouncing a letter. • All letters besides the letters of Itbaaq contain the quality of Infitaah. Idhlaq –  • Literally means fluency, purity in speech • Technically means the articulation of the letters with utmost ease from the sides of the tongue or lips as if they are slipping away. • The following letters contain this quality:   Ismaat –   • Literally means desistance • Technically means the articulation of the letters with utmost strength and stability from their makhraj, without which the letter will not be articulated. • All other letters contain this quality. Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 41 Second: The Permanent Qualities Without Opposites
 
 
 Types & definitions 1. Qalqalah  • Literally it means to echo • Technically, it is a permanent quality that creates an echoing sound or a slight vibration in the Makhraj. This quality is found in the following 5 letters: 
 (  ) There are 3 levels of Qalqala as regards to the strength of its pronunciation. • Strongest: when making waqf (stopping) on a mushaddad letter of Qalqala • Strong: when making waqf on a sakin letter of qalqala • Weak: when the sakin letter of qalqala is in the middle of a word Ædkysø9$#uρ î ‰ymr& x8u‘ô‰|¹ ‘ ,ptø:$# ß ‰yϑ ¢ Á9$# Ο ß γyϑyèôÛr& ¡ =s?uρ y‰|¡ym ç tIö/F{$# Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 42 2. As-Safeer –   • Literally means the whistle • Technically it is the natural occurrence of a whistle like sound emitted while pronouncing the letters. • The following letters contain this quality: 3. Al-Leen – • Literally, it means softness • Technically, it means the articulation of the letter from its makhraj with a natural ease and softness present in the letter. • The following letters have this quality: • Waw sakinah () with a fatha on the letter before it • Yaa sakinah (‑) with a fathah on the letter before it. 4. Al-Inhiraf – ­! • Literally it means to deviate. • Technically it is the slight deviation of the tongue towards the makhraj of raa while pronouncing laam and towards laam while pronouncing raa. • This quality is found in only the following two letters: " Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 43 5. At-Takreer – # $
 • Literally means repetition • Technically means the trilling of the tongue while pronouncing a letter that causes the letter to be pronounced more than once. • This is found only in
 Note: - Unlike other qualities, we must abstain from this quality while pronouncing this letter. 6. At-Tafasshy – %&
 • Literally means to spread around • Technically, it is the spreading around of the sound of the letter in the mouth while pronouncing it. • This quality is found only in:  7. Istitaalah – '
 • Literally means prolongation • Technically, it is the prolongation of the sound throughout its makhraj; from its beginning till the end (1.5 to 1.75 beat). • This is found only in the status of Sukoon or Shaddah for the letter: Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 44 References 1. “
 
”, The Holy Quran . 2. Abdulwahid Hamid “Graded Steps in Quran Reading”MELS-Muslim Education & literary services, Miami, FL. 2001. 3. Hassan Bin Salim, “ 
”, http://saaid.net/book/open.php?cat=2&book=98, 1994 4. Haroon R. Baqai, “let’s beautify our recitation”- 3rd Edition, Faith Publication. Reviewed by WtÄ|t `twç This Book, This book teaches how to recite Quran the way it was revealed for those who do know how to read Arabic text. It goes gradually from the simplest rules of Tajweed that can be applied on the short Surahs that most people know and recite during Salah. The teacher can teach the rules step by step and apply them on the way on each Surah starting from Surah Annas “س
ا رة “ until the learners can get all the rules on the way while they are reading from Quran. May Allah teach us that which benefits us and may He benefit us with what He taught us. `t{t `A etá{xw 

For any Muslim, it is obligatory to learn how to recite Quran for understanding what Allah is saying to us and what His Deen is all about. When it comes to the matter of recitation, the role of a teacher counts a lot. The more qualified and knowledgeable the teacher is, the best Quranic education your kids will get.
Who are online Quran Teachers?
Our online Quran academy has the most qualified teachers. Starting from Noorani Qaida, Tajweed, and recitation to memorization of Quran, we have a bunch of experienced teachers who play their role in motivating the students and develop their interest in reciting and learning Quran. Our online Quran teachers’ team includes both males and females.
We have Hafizul Quran, Tajweed teachers, Noorani Qaida teachers, and imams in our team of online teachers who are dedicated to teaching the students and make the process of reading and reciting Quran easy for all. Our teachers are experienced in teaching not just kids but also adults who want to learn how to recite Quran right from scratch.
How do they work?
The teachers need to adopt a really unique approach in giving Quranic education especially when it comes to teaching the students online. We totally understand that it is difficult to ensure consistent concentration when it comes to studying. However, our teachers create such an environment that is encouraging for the young students to learn.
One to one teaching is provided which means a single student will get a single teacher. With our proven teaching techniques, let us help you and your children to memorize Quran and develop a close relationship with Allah. We do not rush in teaching the students. It is a slow and steady process but one thing is sure that students start memorizing well as soon as their foundations are improved.
What they use to teach?
The teaching takes place on Skype. We have them tutoring software that you have to download after signing up with us. All you need is computer, microphones, headset, and a reliable internet connection. The study material is provided to the students online.
We offer all the resources to students for facilitating in reading Quran live. With Skype and other tools, we help our students in learning Quran online without any glitch. It will be like one to one memorization where teachers will keep track of the performance of the children.
There is no limit to age when it comes to learning Quran. Whether it is about reading Noorani Qaida, learning Tajweed, memorizing Quran or reading Quran with translation, we are here to facilitate people of all ages throughout the world with our assistance. The learning sessions will begin at the comfort of your home, at the time that you have chosen.
It is high time to invest in your future now… Allah says in his Book that Quran has been made easy for all. You just need to take the first step and with our team of teachers, learning Quran will become easier. Avail the chance to become close to Allah now.


We, Muslims, have faith that our religion “Islam” offers a complete code of life. At the same time, a very few of us make efforts to explain things going on in our life with reference to Quran; that is source of faith for all of us.

[Online Quran apps] Quran in Urdu and English

Being an exclusive book, Quran has been translated in many different languages. Urdu and English are two main languages in which Quran has been translated into. These two languages are widely spoken in the world. Quran has been translated in these languages keeping in view the fact that it becomes easier for people to understand things when they are in their native language. It is necessary to understand the meaning of what you are reciting. In case of Quran, it can be very well done when it is in your own language. Regardless of which language you speak, everything nowadays is ready in the form of Online Quran apps.

Online Recitation of Quran

With the help of user-friendly interface, there are a number of online recitation Quran apps. This facilitates you in reciting the Quran in Urdu or English language, whichever pleases you. No doubt, reading Quran in your mother language will not only be pleasing you but will also be refreshing for you. It is all because it will be in its original form. Try the services that these online Quran services have for its customers and delight you.

[Online Quran appss] Better understanding of Quran

You will feel enlighten to see that user-friendly services of online Quran apps will take you to a new horizon of knowledge that needs to be explored. Recitation in your own language will improve your understanding of surah, and ayyahs. This will allow you to apply these verses in to your day to day life. Only then, you will feel satisfied that now you know your source of faith in best manner possible. So, you must stop worrying if you do not know Arabic, as now you can recite Quran in your mother tongue online. Do not stop yourself from reading Quran only because of language hurdle. Learn Quran Online in your mother language and understand it easily.

Though Muslims have large number of sects but when it comes to read, learn, and understand Quran, it is equally valuable for all of them. It is one of the norms in our lives that we are taught Holy Quran at a very young age. At the same time there are people, who did not get chance to read and learn Quran at young age. One of the main reasons for this can be the unavailability of tutors to teach Quran. People find it very difficult to find an appropriate person near their house. Moreover, Muslims, who live in other countries, also come across the same issue. But internet has solved this problem in an easy manner. Online Quran apps are there to facilitate people in reading, learning and understanding the divine book.

E-Quran

For all those people, who have been unable to read the Quran and now want to do, E-Quran is the best way to do so. E-Quran is an online version of the Holy Book. These online Quran services not only provide you facility to read and learn the Quran but also enable you to listen to pronunciation with the help of voice communication. Moreover, qualified teachers are there too in order to help people in understanding and reading the Quran. This enables people to learn the holy book with the help of these online Quran apps and services.

Benefits of E-Quran

One of the benefits of E-Quran is that people read it in an easy environment. People stay at their homes and recite the Quran on computers.  In other words, it will not be wrong to say that these Quran apps allow the people to read Quran in an environment that suits them. It is hassle free and very much conducive.

[holy quran online] Another advantage of these online Quran services is the fact that in addition to study Quran, one can study different scholarly explanations of the Quran. This enables people in understanding the diverse point of views about the Quranic verses. These versions are readily available in many languages. It depends in which language you want to read it for better understanding. You want to Learn Quran Online ?